Seahorses are one of the most famous marine creatures in the world. This is in large part because of their appearance, making them easily one of the most distinguishable creatures on the planet. Furthermore, did you know that seahorses have many types? If you want to learn more, be our guest!
In this article, we will be swimming down deeper with these cute little creatures and enumerate some types of seahorses. Whatever the case may be, they still all belong to the family of genus Hippocampus.
In addition, we will also be writing down some valuable information about each one of them. So, what are you waiting for? If you are an avid fan of seahorses, prepare your pen and paper and write valuable information about them.
Understanding Why Seahorses are Unique
It can be confusing sometimes to identify seahorses. This is mainly because of the variety of colors and their ability to camouflage. They have the capability of changing their colors and blend in with the surroundings. Some scientists have found insights about this creature’s unusual traits. They are considered to be iconic animals.
Unlike fishes, seahorses don’t have teeth. They just suck in food using their snout. They swim vertically, and there are types of seahorses that lack the gene associated with pelvic fins. This feature in fish can be considered as important, that is the same as those land mammals. They only have bony plates on their bodies and just move their eyeballs on their own.
10 Types OF Seahorses That Are Unique
Note that they may be unique in their ways, but they still belong to the same family. Here’s the list of seahorses that are unique.
As the name suggests, the big-bellied seahorse has one of the most distinct sea horses of them all. Their big bellies are attention grabbers, and these seahorses live off the coast of Australia and New Zealand.
They are considered the largest species of seahorses as they can grow up to 14 inches and have bellies that are more pronounced than other types of seahorses. Another distinct feature is that they also have spots around their body from the tail, fins, and head.
Native to Australian waters, the Sea dragons belong to the same family as with sea horses. Despite their name, they share common characteristics with these creatures, such as having a fused jaw and long snout. They also can change their colors from their environment, and there are only two types of Sea dragons, the leafy sea dragons and the weedy or common sea dragons.
Common Pygmy Seahorse
Considered to be one of the smallest species of the sea horse, the common pygmy seahorse grows relatively shorter than the dwarf seahorse as they can grow as little as an inch when they reach adulthood. They are commonly found in coral reefs where there is a huge concentration of soft gorgonian corals. These species are also good at mimicking their surroundings and can be found in various countries worldwide.
Long Snout Seahorse
Commonly known as the Brazilian seahorse or the slender, the Long snout seahorse grows relatively long compared to other seahorses as it can reach up to 7 inches in length and shares a common feature such as a long snout with a slender body. The long snout also has a distinct coronet on their head and skin that is quite brownish with white spots.
Although the Pacific Seahorse is called the Giant Sea Horse, it is still considered the biggest species of the sea horse. Furthermore, this seahorse is sometimes called the west coast sea horse as it can be mainly found in Galapagos regions, South California, down to Peru. Its distinct feature is 11 trunk rings, a coronet with five sharp edges, and 38-40 tail rings. Their coloration deeply varies from dark red, brown to a subtle yellow.
As you would’ve already known, the Dwarf Seahorse is one of the smaller species of seahorses. When they reach maturity, they can only grow as much as 2 inches and are natively found in shallow ocean regions.
One of their distinct features is having mottled skin that is somewhat surrounded by warts and a column-like coronet that resembles a doorknob. However, they only have a few rings compared to their relatives as they can only have 31-32 around their tails and 9-10 rings around their trunks.
Like most seahorse species, they all have a different name, and the line seahorse is more commonly known as the spotted sea horse or the northern sea horse. What makes them different from other sea horses is that they can be found in cool and cold waters across the globe, from Nova Scotia to the Atlantic, Venezuela to Canada. Their distinct feature is having a coronet that resembles a wedge-shaped pattern that has spines around it. Also, as their name implies, they have these white lines or dots around their tail and up to the dorsal surface.
Although the seahorse species isn’t relatively low in numbers or threatened, they have one of the rarest species of seahorse all over the world. The Knysna seahorse can only be found in the Knysna lagoon, making them vulnerable creatures as it is the only place in the world they can be found but can also be exploited by human activities that may lead to their eventual distinction.
Tiger Tail Seahorse
The tiger tail seahorse got its name from its distinct coloration of stripes from its belly down to its tail. This type of seahorse can be found in coral reefs and subaquatic beds and are also at risk of extinction due to habitat loss. Thankfully, they are still not at risk as long as coral reefs and other factors are left untouched.
While there are big-bellied seahorses, striped seahorses, and many other seahorses that were named after their distinct feature, the Zebra seahorse, as the name suggests, closely resembles a zebra’s coloration when found in shallow waters and coastal inlets. They can also be found in coral reefs, muddy and sandy bottoms as well.
Wrapping Things Up
Seahorses indeed look unique. Others think that seahorses are strange because of their appearance. And though many of them have the usual horse head, there are plenty of reasons why they are interesting.
So, there you have it. Hopefully, the 10 unique types of seahorse swimming through different parts of the ocean water have made you understand their nature. While they are not considered threatened, we as humans shouldn’t interfere with what they do as it can have a huge impact on their numbers for the years to come. Lastly, these fascinating creatures are unique in their ways and have come a long way since then.
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